In a skillet, brown the bread in the butter. Season with salt and pepper. Set aside on a plate.
In the same skillet, brown the bacon until crisp. Drain on paper towels. Set aside.
In a bowl, combine the capers, lemon juice, egg yolk, anchovy paste, and garlic with a whisk. Slowly drizzle in the oil, whisking into a mayonnaise. Adjust the seasoning. Refrigerate, if it needs to wait.
In a bowl, combine the lettuce and mayonnaise. Sprinkle with the croutons, bacon, and Parmesan cheese.
Recipes with the "Healthy Pick" stamp have been evaluated by a registered dietitian member of the Ordre professionnel des diététistes du Québec.